Burundi is a landlocked country located in East Africa, bordered by Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the east and south, and the Democratic Republic of Congo to the west. It is one of the smallest countries in Africa, with a total area of just over 27,800 square kilometers.
The landscape of Burundi is characterized by rolling hills and high plateaus, with an average elevation of around 1,700 meters above sea level. The country is located in the African Great Lakes region and is home to several large lakes, including Lake Tanganyika, which is shared with neighboring countries.
Lake Tanganyika is one of the deepest lakes in the world, with a maximum depth of over 1,470 meters. It is also one of the longest freshwater lakes in the world, stretching over 670 kilometers from north to south. The lake is a major source of freshwater for the region and is home to a wide range of aquatic wildlife, including more than 350 species of fish.
Burundi also has several rivers, including the Rusizi River, which flows into Lake Tanganyika, and the Kagera River, which forms part of the border with Tanzania. These rivers are important sources of water for agriculture and provide habitat for a variety of plant and animal species.
In terms of climate, Burundi has a tropical highland climate, with temperatures that vary depending on elevation. The highlands in the west are generally cooler and receive more rainfall than the lowland regions in the east. The rainy season typically runs from October to April, with the heaviest rains falling in February and March.
In summary, Burundi is a small landlocked country in East Africa that is home to a diverse range of landscapes, including rolling hills, high plateaus, and large lakes. Its location in the African Great Lakes region gives it access to important water resources, while its tropical highland climate supports a rich diversity of plant and animal life.